The Uluguru Mountains in eastern Tanzania are one of the most important mountain ranges on the African continent for the conservation of biological diversity. In addition to their biological value, the mountains are home to more than 100,000 people of the Luguru tribe.
Spanning nearly 62,000 hectares (~153,000 acres), the Uluguru Nature Reserve in Tanzania supports a wealth of endemic species, found nowhere else on the planet. Notable endemic species include 135 different plants and more than 50 animals. In addition to wildlife protection, Uluguru is critically important to protecting the local watershed. Safeguarding these forests from harvest also helps reduce the amount of carbon released into the atmosphere. Forests act as important carbon sinks by using carbon dioxide in the photosynthetic process.
Uluguru Nature Reserve has some of the oldest forest in Africa, and because the ecosystem has remained undisturbed by climatic and geographical changes for an estimated 25 million years, visitors are rewarded with spectacular landscapes and wildlife viewing opportunites. The Tanzanian government and conservation organizations are working to improve ecotourism opportunities in the area. Reefs to Rockies will be watching Uluguru’s progress closely.